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%0 Conference Proceedings
%4 sid.inpe.br/sibgrapi/2018/08.29.19.07
%2 sid.inpe.br/sibgrapi/2018/08.29.19.07.29
%A Jader, Gil,
%A Fontinele, Jefferson,
%A Ruiz, Marco,
%A Pithon, Matheus,
%A Oliveira, Luciano,
%@affiliation UFBA
%@affiliation UFBA
%@affiliation UFBA
%@affiliation UESC
%@affiliation UFBA
%T Deep instance segmentation of teeth in panoramic X-ray images
%B Conference on Graphics, Patterns and Images, 31 (SIBGRAPI)
%D 2018
%E Ross, Arun,
%E Gastal, Eduardo S. L.,
%E Jorge, Joaquim A.,
%E Queiroz, Ricardo L. de,
%E Minetto, Rodrigo,
%E Sarkar, Sudeep,
%E Papa, João Paulo,
%E Oliveira, Manuel M.,
%E Arbeláez, Pablo,
%E Mery, Domingo,
%E Oliveira, Maria Cristina Ferreira de,
%E Spina, Thiago Vallin,
%E Mendes, Caroline Mazetto,
%E Costa, Henrique Sérgio Gutierrez,
%E Mejail, Marta Estela,
%E Geus, Klaus de,
%E Scheer, Sergio,
%S Proceedings
%8 Oct. 29 - Nov. 1, 2018
%J Los Alamitos
%I IEEE Computer Society
%C Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil
%K instance segmentation, tooth segmentation, panoramic X-ray image.
%X In dentistry, radiological examinations help specialists by showing structure of the tooth bones with the goal of screening embedded teeth, bone abnormalities, cysts, tumors, infections, fractures, problems in the temporomandibular regions, just to cite a few. Sometimes, relying solely in the specialist's opinion can bring differences in the diagnoses, which can ultimately hinder the treatment. Although tools for complete automatic diagnosis are no yet expected, image pattern recognition has evolved towards decision support, mainly starting with the detection of teeth and their components in X-ray images. Tooth detection has been object of research during at least the last two decades, mainly relying in threshold and region-based methods. Following a different direction, this paper proposes to explore a deep learning method for instance segmentation of the teeth. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first system that detects and segment each tooth in panoramic X-ray images. It is noteworthy that this image type is the most challenging one to isolate teeth, since it shows other parts of patient's body (e.g., chin, spine and jaws). We propose a segmentation system based on mask region-based convolutional neural network to accomplish an instance segmentation. Performance was thoroughly assessed from a 1500 challenging image data set, with high variation and containing 10 categories of different types of buccal image. By training the proposed system with only 193 images of mouth containing 32 teeth in average, using transfer learning strategies, we achieved 98% of accuracy, 88% of F1-score, 94% of precision, 84% of recall and 99% of specificity over 1224 unseen images, results very superior than other 10 unsupervised methods.
%@language en
%3 tooth_segmentation.pdf


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