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		<citationkey>MalheirosWalt:2015:SiEfAp</citationkey>
		<title>Simple and efficient approximate nearest neighbor search using spatial sorting</title>
		<format>On-line</format>
		<year>2015</year>
		<numberoffiles>1</numberoffiles>
		<size>875 KiB</size>
		<author>Malheiros, Marcelo de Gomensoro,</author>
		<author>Walter, Marcelo,</author>
		<editor>Papa, Joćo Paulo,</editor>
		<editor>Sander, Pedro Vieira,</editor>
		<editor>Marroquim, Ricardo Guerra,</editor>
		<editor>Farrell, Ryan,</editor>
		<e-mailaddress>mgmalheiros@gmail.com</e-mailaddress>
		<conferencename>Conference on Graphics, Patterns and Images, 28 (SIBGRAPI)</conferencename>
		<conferencelocation>Salvador</conferencelocation>
		<date>Aug. 26-29, 2015</date>
		<publisher>IEEE Computer Society</publisher>
		<publisheraddress>Los Alamitos</publisheraddress>
		<booktitle>Proceedings</booktitle>
		<tertiarytype>Full Paper</tertiarytype>
		<transferableflag>1</transferableflag>
		<contenttype>External Contribution</contenttype>
		<keywords>spatial sorting, k-nearest neighbors, parallel algorithms, data structures.</keywords>
		<abstract>Finding the nearest neighbors of a point is a highly used operation in many graphics applications. Recently, the neighborhood grid has been proposed as a new approach for this task, focused on low-dimensional spaces. In 2D, for instance, we would organize a set of points in a matrix in such a way that their x and y coordinates are at the same time sorted along rows and columns, respectively. Then, the problem of finding closest points reduces to only examining the nearby elements around a given element in the matrix. Based on this idea, we propose and evaluate novel spatial sorting strategies for the bidimensional case, providing significant performance and precision gains over previous works. We also experimentally analyze different scenarios, to establish the robustness of searching for nearest neighbors. The experiments show that for many dense point distributions, by using some of the devised algorithms, spatial sorting beats more complex and current techniques, like k-d trees and index sorting. Our main contribution is to show that spatial sorting, albeit a still scarcely researched topic, can be turned into a competitive approximate technique for the low-dimensional k-NN problem, still being simple to implement, memory efficient, robust on common cases, and highly parallelizable.</abstract>
		<language>en</language>
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